Remaking America by George Shollenberger, Idea XXXV (The science of Gottfried Leibniz, Part XIV)
Leibniz sought the unity of all things in the universe. Since he could not find a unity of these things, he concluded that a unifying principle lies elsewhere (in God). So, he proves God’s existence, as I do. In my proof of God, I assume that all things are finite. Then, I use Plato’s negative to show that all finite things must come from something that is not finite. The only not finite thing is an infinite thing. With this proof, I find that the symbol ‘infinite’ is one attribute of God. So, today, all believers can say that God is ‘one and infinite.’
Leibniz also sought deeper understandings of God. Since the monotheistic God of Abraham is incomprehensible, neither Leibniz nor any other person can know the one essence of a monotheistic God. To gain a deeper understanding of God, Leibniz uses our symbolic language, as I do often. He relates the symbol ‘perfection’ to the symbol ‘essence.’ This was a great relation because God’s essence is perfect and the quantity of essence must thus exist in the universe. So, he found that all created things must come in different degrees of perfection. In the human species, we thus see that God has given all human possibilities that will not be found in the lower animals.
Although a monotheistic God is able to create all possible worlds, God created only one world. In this world, God adds everything possible. Thus. Leibniz says that greatest effects will be found in the universe at their least expenditures. So, one will not find atoms or vacuums in the universe. Nor will people find a Heaven or a Hell.
Contrary to the arguments of atheists, the universe has an intelligent design. But it has no evolutionary theory like Darwin offered.