Remaking America by George Shollenberger, Idea 100 + XVIII (Intelligent Design, VIII)
Kepler concluded that God did not join the mind to our senses only so we can maintain ourselves. Instead, he thought that a Spirit exists and is distinct from our bodies so that we can be nourished with a diet of knowledge. He thought that this is why God made the universe with a great variety of things. With this belief, he sought knowledge of our solar system.
In the Introduction of Kepler’s book, we learn that Kepler was following Plato’s Timaeus, Nicholas of Cusa’s ‘On Learned Ignorance,’ and the new world theory of Copernicus, which will replace the theory of Ptolemy. With these personalities, Kepler identifies God’s Intelligent Design as a universe of contingent mechanical causes, necessary divine purposes, aesthetics, things that are visible images of God (Rom. 1:20), and a God that distinguishes himself from all creatures.
Kepler nests our first six planets using Plato’s five geometrical solids. These five solids are (1) cube, (2) hexahedron, (3) tetrahedron, (4) dodecahedron, and (5) octahedron. These solids circumscribe and inscribe planets So, Saturn, for instance, moves around the cube whereas the cube moves around Jupiter. The planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn follow this geometry. This non-Euclidian geometry is based on the principle of least action and gives these planets a free force motion. The principle of least action is based on the discovery of Nicholas of Cusa that God is both absolute maximum and absolute minimum. This geometry and motion rejects Newton’s billiard-ball motion of all bodies.
Kepler made an early speculation on gravity in his conclusion that the moon and earth are of the same nature. He speculated the moon either follows earth or are drawn together. His metaphysical study of the geometry above and his studies of contingent causes led Kepler to be known as the founder of astronomy.
In more recent studies of living things, the dodecahedron geometry and its pentagonal faces are being used to distinguish nonliving things from living things. Since planet Earth has life and Mars might have life, Kepler’s discovery that the dodecahedron governs life and the motions of Earth and Mars is thus significant. This more resent work on the life sciences are as follows:
Cook, Theodore A., (1979) "The Curves of Life;" Dover Publications;
Ghyka, Matila, (1977) "The Geometry of Art and Life;" Dover Publications;
Murchie, Guy, (1978) "The Seven Mysteries of Life;" Houghton Mifflin;
Thompson, D'arcy, (1966) "On Growth and Form;" Cambridge University Press;
Stevens, Peter S., (1974) "Patterns in Nature;" Little, Brown & Co.; and
Unfortunately, Newton’s Universe soon came into existence and was sold to most physical and life scientists of the Western world. With this new theory of the universe, Kepler’s work was put on the shelves or our colleges and universities to collect dust.